Swiss at heart
In Wisconsin’s Little Switzerland, New Glarus hangs onto a colorful heritage.
© Beth Gauper
The bakery, meat market, chocolate shop and Swiss restaurants are all on the same block of downtown New Glarus.
In a verdant little glen in southwest Wisconsin, the 13th century makes a reprise appearance every year.
It comes with pageantry, bloodshed and a whole lot of noble sentiments, courtesy of the 18th-century dramatist Friedrich Schiller. It also comes in German that’s as meaty as the Landjaeger sausages sold to spectators.
As I arrived during the first act of "Wilhelm Tell,’’ a rich Swiss patriot was discussing the horrors of war with his wife.
"Furchtbar schlect ist der Krieg!’’ he cries, to which Gertrud replies, "Den Brand warf ich hinein mit eigner Hand!" — "I’ll throw the first torch myself!’’
Seven hundred years later, the Swiss struggle for independence from Austria still resonates in the town of New Glarus,
founded in 1845 by 108 desperately poor colonists from the Swiss canton of Glarus.
They had been weavers, but they learned to farm and make cheese amid the rolling hills of Wisconsin, and soon they prospered.
By 1938, German still was the first language of most residents, but they could see their culture eroding. That’s when the town of 2,000 started open-air German and English performances of the famous play, in which the legendary hero Tell is forced to shoot an apple from his son’s head.
Residents also began building houses and shops with half-timbered Alpine facades and Germanic platitudes unfurling across the
plaster in Gothic script.
They added Swiss canton flags, and window boxes overflowing with geraniums and, in 1965, annual performances of "Heidi.’’
Today, the sign over the fire department reads "Feuerwehrhaus.’’ Railroad Street also is "Bahnhofstrasse.’’
It’s as Swiss as Swiss can be in 20th-century America. Yet the springerli and marzipan fruits sold at the New Glarus
Bakery, the husky notes from a 6-foot alpenhorn, the 1913 murals of Napoleonic scenes at the tavern — they’re not
just for tourists.
However, even the tourists often are Swiss.
When I was having dinner at the 1853 New Glarus Hotel, a classic gasthaus with dirndl-clad waitresses, 50 Swiss tourists were
They’d finished their rahmschnitzel and raclette and were happily settling in for an evening of singing to folk tunes played by the accordion-toting entertainer they’d brought along.
© Beth Gauper
Over Labor Day weekend, New Glarus stages a Wilhelm Tell pageant.
He was "the most famous yodeler in Switzerland, he is on the radio all the time,’’ boasted their guide, travel-agency owner Hans Wirz.
But one of the other attractions of New Glarus isn’t Swiss at all. The town is at one end of the 23-mile Sugar River State Trail, a crushed-limestone bicycle path that’s groomed for cross-country skiing in winter.
I caught a ride to the other end with Gene Webber, a retired milk deliveryman who spoke nostalgically about the heyday of the
cheese factories. Once, there were more than 200 in this area, called Little Switzerland.
Many supplied the mail-order firm Swiss Colony, which was founded 15 miles to the south in Monroe, still the cheese-making capital of Wisconsin.
The Sugar River turned out to be more of a creek, and a tortuously winding one. The path was scenic, though, lined with
wildflowers, bogs and views of pastoral little dairy farms.
Near Albany, a 50-strong contingent of bicyclists streamed onto the path from a family farm, wearing pink T-shirts that read
’’Hill Family Labor Day Fun. Meet You at Puempels Olde Tavern.’’
They were already in a festive mood, anticipating a cold glass of beer from the New Glarus Brewing Co.
We passed the depot in Monticello, where the east-west Sugar River trail intersects with the north-south Badger State Trail.
There was a cool stretch in the shadow of 50-foot limestone bluffs, and then we cut through a golf course on our way to New
From its depot, I rode up a murderous hill to the Wilhelm Tell Grounds, where I borrowed a German-language script from a young German teacher who’d brought his high-school students up from Iowa.
He was marveling at the quality of the acting and by the Swiss dialect spoken by some of the actors.
"Swiss has a lilt, that da-DA-da-da,’’ said Aaron Bicknese of West Union, Iowa. "And they really roll the r’s; listen to how they say 'mirrrrr.’ ’’ The actor playing the vile Gessler, however, was using High German, full of Teutonic bluster.
"My speech sounds higher-class, which makes me a good tyrant,’’ said Peter Etter, New Glarus’ German-born high-school principal, after the play.
Back in town, I loaded up on Linzer bars and nut horns at the New Glarus Bakery. Then I joined the party at Puempels, an 1893
tavern with dollar bills stuck all over its 18-foot ceiling.
I caught the end of an elbow-pumping, hip-waggling Chicken Dance, then listened to an Illinois polka band work its magic, or whatever it was, with an accordion, washboard, tambourine and string bass.
© Beth Gauper
The old train depot is the trailhead of the Sugar River State Trail.
It’s never hard to find traditional music in New Glarus. After dinner, I walked down the street, where the New Glarus Yodel Club was performing on the lawn of the Swiss Church.
Its members were crooning lovely folk harmonies, with the lilting yo-ho-ho as a refrain — easy to parody if you’ve never heard it, but actually a very expressive kind of music, melancholy or festive to suit the lyrics.
The tiny town also has a Männerchor, or men’s chorus, which sponsors Volksfest in August. Its Roger Bright Polka Band performs weekends at the New Glarus Hotel and at Polkafest, in June.
Tourists, of course, love this town and its festivals. The refreshing thing is, there’s not a trace of kitsch. In New Glarus, being Swiss means much more than cuckoo clocks, cowbells and fondue.
Trip Tips: New Glarus
Getting there: It’s half an hour southwest of Madison.
2013 events in New Glarus: June 14-16, Polkafest, with Beer Bacon and Cheese June 15. June 28-30, Heidi Festival, with Taste of New Glarus June 29. Aug. 4, Swiss Volksfest. Aug. 30-Sept. 1, Wilhelm Tell Festival. Sept. 27-29, Oktoberfest. Oct. 12-13, A Gathering of Rogues & Ruffians. Oct. 13, Harvest Fest at Swiss Historical Village.
Sugar River State Trail: The 23-mile trail links New Glarus and Brodhead and intersects with the Badger State Trail in Monticello. Daily trail pass is $4, annual is $20.
The Swiss Aire Motel provides shuttles, 608-527-2138, and you can rent bikes at the
Gene Webber provides shuttles, charging by distance. He charges $30 to drop off two people and their bikes in Brodhead for the ride back to New Glarus.
He charges $40 to drop off two people and their bikes in Monroe for the 16½-mile ride back to New Glarus on the Badger and Sugar River trails. Reserve a shuttle in advance by calling him at 608-527-2870.The Sugar River Bike Tour is held the last Saturday in September, part of Brodhead's AutumnFest. It has routes of 15, 30, 50 and 100 miles.
© Beth Gauper
Geraniums overflow from balconies at Chalet Landhaus hotel.
For more about the Badger State Trail, see A
slice of cheese country.
Accommodations: Chalet Landhaus has comfortable rooms with Swiss
accents, and there's a pool complex. A large hot breakfast is included in the rates.
The Swiss Aire Motel is a mom-and-pop on Wisconsin 69.
There are many other B&Bs, inns and motels in and around New Glarus.
Camping: There's camping on the edge of town in New Glarus Woods State Park, 608-527-2335. It doesn't have showers, but sweaty bicyclists can use showers at the municipal pool in Village Park next to the depot, open until 8:30 p.m. Monday-Friday and 8 p.m. Saturday-Sunday.
Museums: Two are well worth a visit: the Swiss Historical Village and the Chalet of the Golden Fleece, open daily May through October.
Brewery tours: Take a self-guided tour of the New Glarus Brewing Co.
Riverside Brewery or new Hilltop Brewery between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. daily, $3.50 with tasting glass.
For more about touring breweries in southern Wisconsin, see True brew.
Shopping: Esther's European Imports carries Swiss gifts. The Maple Leaf stocks cheese and chocolate.
For more, see Power shopping in
Information: New Glarus tourism, 800-527-6838.
Sign up for our free weekly newsletter
Get our weekly stories, tips and updates delivered a day early directly to your Inbox. Wondering what you'll get? Take a look at our newsletter archive.