Here's a guide to the lodgings, campsites and permits you should nail down now for travel in 2017.
© Lauren Gagner
The best permits for entry into the Boundary Waters go fastest.
In the Upper Midwest, travel can be competitive.
Many festivals are so big and so fun that everyone wants to go. If you do, too, you'll have to act fast to stay ahead of the crowds.
And sometimes, you also need to know when not to visit a certain area. Planning to take the kids on a field trip to Chicago's famous museums? If you settle on Aug. 3-8, when 300,000 music fans will be in town for the rock festival Lollapalooza, you won't be able to find a hotel.
If you'll be within 60 miles of Oshkosh, Wis., July 24-30 — and that includes Green Bay and the Lake Michigan shore — you'll be competing for rooms with the 300,000 people who go to EEA AirVenture.
And always book early for holidays that fall on days that create long weekends. In 2017, the Fourth of July is on a Tuesday, and Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve are on Sunday.
The first half of January is the best time to go after hard-to-get reservations at annual festivals.
Most people rebook their lodgings as they're leaving after a big festival. But often deposits are due in January, and there’s always someone who doesn’t send one and forfeits the room. So be poised to snap it up.
The smaller the town, the harder it is to get a reservation.
Call now if you want to attend such huge events as Apple Festival in Bayfield, Oct. 6-8, when 60,000 people cram themselves into the tiny northern Wisconsin village of 500.
In Decorah, Iowa, 75,000 people pour into town for Nordic Fest, July 27-29, and rooms are so hard to get they're practically a family heirloom.
One of the hardest reservations to get is a room in Duluth for Grandma’s Marathon June 16-18, when 14,700 runners and 30,000 to 40,000 spectators fill the town.
Hotels fill up the day after the previous year’s race, and, with hundreds of people calling every month, few hotels bother to keep waiting lists.
But in February, many people who reserved last June will find out they didn’t get into the race, and they’ll start to cancel. That’s the time to call hotels, as well as during the third week of May, when 30-day cancellation policies go into effect.
© Beth Gauper
For summer, book lodgings in Door County far in advance.
There are many ploys that increase the odds of getting a reservation. It’s best to call the day after a big event, but if you have to call later and the inn is full, ask to put your name on the waiting list.
And look for new properties that haven’t been advertised much. Peruse city Web sites or ask the staff at visitors bureaus if there are new places to stay.
The prize rooms go to people who pay attention, ask questions — and make a lot of calls as well as checking websites.
Many people offer homes on Airbnb just for big festivals, and there are many more on vacation-rental sites. For details, see How to find a great place to stay.
Campsites and cabins
To reserve the choicest cabins and lodges in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa and Michigan state parks, be online or at the phone a year in advance.
The best campsites in state parks also go fast. For Iowa campsites, call three months in advance; for Michigan campsites, six months in advance; for Wisconsin campsites, 11 months in advance; and Minnesota campsites, a year in advance.
For summer weekends, you’ll increase your odds if you also reserve for Thursday night; then, you can make your call a day earlier. You must use the site on Thursday, however, or you'll forfeit the entire stay.
© Beth Gauper
The beachfront cabins in Michigan's Holland State Park are extremely popular.
The best time to reserve a cabin for a week at a popular lake resort, especially for a group, is a year in advance. Call the Monday after that week ends, because most — but not all — families reserve for the next year before they leave.
If you can't plan that early, look in winter or spring.
In Chicago, hotel rates depend on how much competition there is on a weekend.
The summer festivals draw a lot of people, but many are locals or day-trippers. For big conventions, however, everybody needs a hotel room.
Before booking a non-refundable fare to Chicago, first check its convention calendar to see if a huge convention is in town. If so, rooms will be very expensive, if available.
Big conventions/events in 2017 include the National Restaurant Association, 70,000 people over May 20-23; the American Society of Oncologists, 43,000 people over June 2-6; NeoCon World's Trade Fair, 40,000 people over June 12-14; and Lollapalooza, 295,000 people over July Aug. 3-8.
The Chicago Marathon draws 45,000 people over Oct. 6-8, and Fabtech draws 40,000 over Nov. 6-9.
Christmas shoppers might think the week after Thanksgiving would be a good time to visit, but 55,000 members of the Radiological Society of North America are in town Nov. 26-Dec. 1.
For more, see Where to stay in Chicago.
If you want to take Amtrak or the Megabus, book as soon as possible; the cheapest seats sell first.
© Beth Gauper
Two art fairs draw more than 200,000 people to Madison in July.
Reserving for 2017
This month-by-month guide will help you nail down the most-coveted and hardest-to-get reservations.
January is a good time to reserve for any place you want to visit this year.
Reservations for backcountry camping permits in Michigan's Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore are accepted starting Jan. 1, and a drawing is held the third Thursday in January. After that, reservation requests are filled as they come in.
The group campsites and individual sites at Mosquito and Chapel campgrounds go fastest. Forms are at www.nps.gov/piro; for details, call 906-387-3700.
In Minnesota state parks, reserve a cabin or guesthouse for next New Year’s Eve, which will be a three-day weekend. In Tettegouche State Park, the four cabins on Mic Mac Lake and the Illgen Falls Cabin are in particular demand for the holidays.
Reservations for cabins, suites and guesthouses in Minnesota state parks can be made a year in advance online or at 866-857-2757, toll-free in the United States and Canada.
© Torsten Muller
Chicago's Blues Festival draws half a million people to the city in June.
Lodgings in Minnesota state parks also are in demand for the long Martin Luther King weekend.
Wisconsin's state parks also have nine cabins for people with disabilities, $30. They’re very popular and can be reserved starting Jan. 10 for the following year. Reservations are taken by individual parks.
Reserve early for the best choice of entry permits into the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness. Entry permits for two Fall Lake entry points and three on Moose Lake are taken from Dec. 14 to Jan. 11 and allocated by lottery on Jan. 18.
Others will be first-come, first-served starting Jan. 25 at Recreation. gov, 877-444-6777.
For more, see Minnesota's Boundary Waters.
In Michigan state parks, campsites can be reserved six months in advance. At some campgrounds, particularly those on the beach-lined west coast of Lake Michigan, 100 percent of sites can be reserved, so it's crucial to reserve early.
At Porcupine Mountains Wilderness State Park on the Upper Peninsula, 80 percent of sites can be reserved.
© Beth Gauper
Tourists as well as locals flock to Chicago's lakefront in summer.
Iowa also has a nice variety of well-priced rustic and modern cabins in state parks. They book a year in advance.
In 2017, Valentine’s Day falls on a Tuesday, the Sunday of Presidents Day weekend, so you won't have to book rooms at popular inns and B&Bs too far in advance.
The American Birkebeiner between Cable and Hayward, North America’s largest cross-country ski marathon, will fill northwest Wisconsin Feb. 23-26.
In Iowa, the deadline for mail entries in the cross-state bicycle tour RAGBRAI is Feb. 15, and the deadline for on-line entries is April 1. The ride, July 23-29 in 2017, limits weeklong riders to 8,500. Entries are accepted by lottery.
Many other popular bike tours also fill up.
© Torsten Muller
The Apple Festival parade in Bayfield draws big crowds.
In Iowa, campsites can be reserved three months in advance at 877-427-2757. Only 50 percent of campsites can be reserved.
Reserve early for spring-break trips to the indoor water parks of the Wisconsin Dells. The three best and biggest are the Kalahari, Great Wolf Lodge and Wilderness Resort.
The week before Easter, which is April 16 in 2017, is busiest.
Many other hotels around the region also have indoor water parks that children will think are plenty of fun.
Going to Chicago by train is a great spring-break trip. The cheapest seats sell first on Amtrak, so reserve as early as possible.
If you'd like to camp in a Twin Cities park reserve, especially over a holiday weekend, watch for the opening of the reservation windows in January and March.
This is the time to reserve accommodations for big summer festivals, if you haven't already.
In the northeast Iowa town of Decorah, Nordic Fest in July draws 75,000 people to the town of 8,500. A reservation
in one of the town’s motels or B&Bs is nearly impossible to get, so
most people camp or stay in private homes or rooms at Luther College.
Reservations for air-conditioned lodgings at Luther open in early April; call 563-387-1538. Eventually, people book rooms as far away as Rochester or La Crosse.
If you want to go to the annual Great Taste of the Midwest in Madison, the second-longest running craft-beer festival in North America, you'll need to send in a mail order for tickets or show up in person the first Sunday of May at one of various vendors in Madison.
Only 5,000 tickets are sold for the Aug. 12 event, held in Olin-Turville Park.
In May, the big festivals begin. One of the best is Tulip Time in Pella, Iowa, which brings 150,000 people to the town of 10,000. It’s May 4-6, timed to coincide with the blooming of 250,000 tulips.
In Holland, Mich., Tulip Time spreads over two weekends, May 6-14.
The annual Wright Plus Housewalk is May 20 in Oak Park, Ill., with interior tours of private homes, many designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. Tickets sell out far in advance.
This year marks the 150th anniversary of Wright's birth on June 8 in Richland Center, Wis.
© Beth Gauper
Reservations for campsites with a view of Split Rock Lighthouse are the hardest to get in Minnesota.
In Wisconsin, campsites can be reserved 11 months in advance, 888-947-2757, so now is the time to think about reserving for next year. In 2018, Memorial Day is May 28, the Fourth of July is on a Wednesday and Labor Day is Sept. 3.
The most in-demand campsites are in Peninsula and Devil’s Lake state parks and the Crystal Lake and Clear Lake campgrounds of Northern Highland-American Legion State Forest near Minocqua.
In Wisconsin, some park and forest campgrounds have a high percentage of first-come, first-served sites. Arrive on Wednesdays or Thursdays to increase the odds of finding a campsite without a reservation.
Grandma’s Marathon in Duluth is June 17. Many hotels have three-night minimums, and most raise rates for the weekend. Check in February and May for cancellations.
In March, dorm rooms become available at the College of St. Scholastica, the University of Minnesota-Duluth and the University of Wisconsin-Superior; shuttles serve guests who stay there.
© Beth Gauper
Iowa's RAGBRAI and many other bike tours fill up quickly.
In Chicago, the free Blues Festival, June 9-11, draws more than half a million people, and two Old Town art fairs and Midsommerfest in the Andersonville neighborhood add to the total.
Summerfest, which Milwaukee calls “the world’s largest music festival,’’ brings nearly a million people to the lakefront festival grounds. It’s June 28-July 2 and July 4-9. Hotels fill, but there are always rooms available at the very nice dorms of Marquette University.Then there are Milwaukee's big heritage festivals, starting with PrideFest and Scottish Fest in June and ending with Indian Summer Festival the weekend after Labor Day; in between, there’s Juneteenth, Polish Fest, Bastille Days, Festa Italiana, German Fest, Irish Fest and Mexican Fiesta.
At beach towns everywhere, weekends will be jam-packed from now through the middle of August.
The free music-and-food festival Taste of Chicago is July 5-9 and draws big crowds.
© Beth Gauper
In May, Pella's Tulip Time brings 150,000 people to a town of 10,000.
In Madison, the Art Fair on the Square and Art Fair Off the Square draw more than 200,000 people to the Capitol/State Street/Monona Terrace area. They're July 8-9.
It fills up so many hotel rooms it may even affect people doing the Lake Michigan Circle Tour, on which stops in beach towns should be reserved far in advance.
This is the time to start looking for a lake resort for next year, though some resorts have last-minute cancellations. If possible, drop by resorts in person while traveling in the area this summer.
It's also the time to reserve weekends and holidays in Minnesota state parks for next year.
which has a very scenic location on the North Shore but not many sites,
is the hardest-to-get camping reservation, followed by Temperance River,
Tettegouche, Itasca, Gooseberry Falls, McCarthy Beach (on the Iron
Range, near Hibbing), Bear Head Lake (near Ely), Judge C.R. Magney, Jay
Cooke and Cascade River.
In Minnesota’s state parks, all of the campsites can be reserved.
© Beth Gauper
There's a festival in Duluth's Bayfront Park nearly every weekend.
The tourism behemoth in eastern Wisconsin is the annual EAA AirVenture in Oshkosh, the Aug. 3-8 Experimental Aircraft Association festival.
In western Minnesota lakes country, the We Fest country-music festival fills the area around Detroit Lakes, Aug. 3-5, though most festival-goers camp on the grounds.
The Bayfront Blues Festival is the biggest music weekend in Duluth, Aug. 11-13.
In the far northeast corner of Minnesota, it's notoriously hard to find close-in rooms for the Grand Portage Rendezvous and Powwow, when re-enactors from across the continent converge on Grand Portage National Monument. Reserve right after this year's event, Aug. 11-13.
In Chicago, Jazz Festival draws 300,000 people over Labor Day weekend, Aug. 31-Sept. 3.
The Labor Day Bridge Walk over the Mackinac Bridge, the third-longest suspension bridge in the world, fills lodgings within a 50- to 100-mile radius of St. Ignace and Mackinaw City, Mich., and especially Mackinac Island. It's Sept. 4.
© Beth Gauper
On Minnesota's North Shore, everyone hopes to catch fall colors like these around Oberg Mountain.
The Fall Art Tour in southwest Wisconsin on the third weekend of October has become extremely popular, with many devoted customers returning year after year. Artists open their studios in and around Mineral Point, Spring Green and Baraboo, with shoppers taking in the fall scenery between stops.
Accommodations for fall in Door County are in high demand. Leaf color stays beautiful through the third week of October.
Because of the Education Minnesota teacher conference, Minnesota schoolchildren have a four-day weekend Oct. 19-22, and every room is reserved on the North Shore. Indoor water parks in the Wisconsin Dells also are popular.
© Traverse City Tourism
Cherry pie-eating contests are part of Traverse City's National Cherry Festival.
This is a quiet month. But more and more people are reserving a cabin or villa on the North Shore to watch the gales of November or fix Thanksgiving dinner Nov. 23.
Holiday festivities get going this month; see Great holiday festivals.
Hard-core shoppers should go the first weekend of December so they also can hit the annual One of a Kind fine-arts sale at the Merchandise Mart.
Last updated on December 31, 2016